You might be surprised to learn that even moderate amounts of alcohol have been found to increase the risk of certain cancers. When it comes to drinking and your health, do you know how many is one too many?


There’s a lot of talk out there about alcohol and what it does to people’s health. Many Australians are confused about the harms associated with drinking and are unaware that the amount we drink can contribute to health problems, including cancer. In fact, alcohol is considered a grade one carcinogen – that’s the official term for any substance that promotes the formation of cancer cells. This puts it in the same category as the chemicals found in asbestos and tobacco smoke. Gulp. Now, we’re not trying to put a downer on happy hour, but we thought we’d separate the facts from the wishful thinking.

What is a standard drink?

Before we start, it’s important to understand what constitutes one standard drink.


Nearly one-fifth of Australians drink more than two standard drinks per day, however new Australian guidelines indicate that two standard drinks is the recommended daily limit. To help reduce the risk of cancer people should also aim for 2 alcohol free days per week.

The myths vs the facts

Myth: Alcohol is only bad for people who get drunk.

Fact: It’s not just heavy drinking that increases the risk of cancer. Even drinking small amounts can increase the risk of some cancers including mouth, throat, oesophagus, stomach and bowel.

Myth: Having a cold shower after drinking will help sober you up.

Fact: There’s no quick fix when it comes to sobering up. Once we have consumed alcohol our bodies have to process it and our liver has to metabolise it. The liver works slowly and processes about one standard drink per hour.

Myth: Alcohol isn’t as harmful as other drugs.

Fact: Alcohol can damage parts of the body such as the liver, cause issues which may lead to cognitive impairment and damage, and increases your risk of deadly diseases, including cancer. Drinking too much alcohol too quickly can lead to alcohol poisoning, which can kill you. If that isn’t enough warning, alcohol also contributes to violence and assaults, including family, domestic and intimate partner violence.

Myth: Red wine is good for health, particularly the heart.

Fact: Red wine has got a lot of attention because of its possible heart benefits, but the WHO does not recommend anyone drink for their health. The general view is that the negatives far outweigh any benefits.

Myth: Drinking isn’t a problem for people who can hold their liquor.

Fact: Binge drinking is bad. And it doesn’t matter how infrequently it happens. Any more than four standard drinks in a single session puts people’s health at risk.

Did you know?

Those aged 40-49 have the highest lifetime risk of alcohol, consuming on average more than two standard drinks per day.

How good are Sundays when there’s no hangover!

Other benefits to cutting back on alcohol include:

  • Weight reduction
  • Increase in energy
  • Improvement in mood and sleep
  • Better relationships with loved ones
  • More money in the bank

Say cheers to cutting back with a mocktail, here are five of our favourites.

Aside from alcohol, other risk factors for cancer include smoking, poor physical activity and an unhealthy diet. Use this lifestyle risk calculator to help you make healthy lifestyle changes to lower your cancer risk.

Need support?

If you’re a Medibank member with hospital cover and need to talk to someone about how alcohol is affecting you or a loved one, would like more information and resources, as well as advice on next steps, you can call the 24/7 Mental Health Phone Support service*.

You can also call the 24/7 Medibank Nurse phone service* for any health related questions or concerns.

Call 1800 644 325 any time.

For crisis calls please contact Lifeline on 13 11 14 or 000 in the case of an emergency.

*OSHC should call the Student Health and Support Line on 1800 887 283.

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