Cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and diabetes.
Among these groups, there are four common behavioural risk factors – smoking, physical inactivity, poor nutrition and harmful use of alcohol.
Because of these shared factors, there is great potential for combining prevention and care, and treating selected chronic diseases together to keep people healthy for as long as possible.
By nature, the development of chronic disease happens over time. The implications are that diet is important across the lifespan, poor diet is likely to have a damaging effect if prolonged or occurring at critical points of the development phase, and modifications in diet may play a pivotal role in managing the disease process.
Let’s look at some common chronic diseases in detail, and the role diet may play in their prevention and management.
"To make room for these foods, there is a need to reduce foods with poor nutrient profiles."
Heart disease, including heart attack and heart failure, is the number one cause of death among adults aged 65 and older. Heart disease is also associated with other chronic conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.