A hormone called insulin is needed for transferring glucose from the bloodstream to enter the body cells and be converted to energy. In people with diabetes, blood glucose levels are often higher than normal because either the body does not produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or cannot use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes).
Gestational diabetes occurs in around 12-14% of all pregnant women in Australia, usually occurring between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. The hormonal changes of pregnancy combined with a predisposition for poor insulin production or utilisation results in increased blood glucose levels in the mother and the baby.
For most women with gestational diabetes, the diabetes will disappear after the baby is born. However, some women who have gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Type 2 diabetes is on the rise, yet most cases are preventable with healthy lifestyle changes. Taking steps to prevent and control diabetes doesn’t mean living in deprivation – it means eating a tasty, balanced diet that will also boost your energy and improve your mood. A diabetes diet simply translates into eating a variety of nutritious foods in moderate amounts and sticking to regular mealtimes.
"Taking steps to prevent and control diabetes doesn’t mean living in deprivation – it means eating a tasty, balanced diet that will also boost your energy and improve your mood."
Food principles for controlling diabetes